Benefits of using CNG
- Benefits of using CNG
CNG is gaseous fuel and is a mixture of hydrocarbons mainly Methane. It is natural gas compressed to a pressure of 200-250 Kg/cm² to enhance the vehicle on-board storage capacity. Thus, the compressed form of NG is used as a fuel for transportation purposes.
Commonly referred to as the green fuel because of its lead and sulphur free character, CNG reduces harmful emissions. Being non-corrosive, it enhances the longevity of spark plugs. Due to the absence of any lead or benzene content in CNG, the lead fouling of spark plugs, and lead or benzene pollution are eliminated.
The properties of CNG make it a safe fuel. It is stored in high gauge seamless cylinders which are certified so negligible chance of leakage. It is lighter than air, so in case of leak it just rises up and disperses into the atmosphere and mixes in the air easily and evenly.
High auto ignition temperature
CNG is less likely to auto-ignite on hot surfaces, since it has a high auto-ignition temperature (540 degrees centigrade) and a narrow range (5%-15%) of in flammability. It means that if CNG concentration in the air is below 5% or above 15%, it will not burn. This high ignition temperature and limited flammability range makes accidental ignition or combustion very unlikely.
Low operational cost
The operational cost of vehicles running on CNG, as compared to those running on other fuels, is comparatively low.
CNG Vehicle can run both on CNG and Petrol.
Increased life of oils
Another practical advantage observed is the increased life of lubricating oils, as CNG does not contaminate and dilute the crankcase oil.